“A century later, America’s entry into World War I under the banner of Wilsonian internationalism presented a qualitatively new threat for the advocates of Counter-Enlightenment. It seemed as though a more self-confident and mature American democracy was intent on spreading its ideals militarily as well as by the ruses of international diplomacy. Leading critics of the Enlightenment—Oswald Spengler, Carl Schmitt, and Martin Heidegger—would soon rally around the banner of fascism, which had become the counterrevolutionary mindset’s last best hope of staving off a society dominated by the “corrosive” precepts of liberalism, individualism, and freedom of thought.”

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